World Major Problem
Global warming has been expected to have far-reaching, long-standing as well as in many cases, devastating the consequences for the planet earth. The global warming, gradual heating of the earth’s surface, the ocean as well as atmosphere, has been caused by the human activity, primarily burning of the fossil fuels, which pump carbon dioxide, methane as well as other greenhouses gasses into the atmosphere.
Well, despite the political controversy about the climate change, a report released on 2013 by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate change stated that the scientist is very certain than ever of the link that is between the human activities as well as global warming. Over 197 organizations have agreed that global warming is the major problem that the world faces and that the human action has caused it. Already, we have witnessed a measureable effect on the planet.
Josef Werner, who serves as a professor of geology as well as environmental science at the University of Pittsburgh, went on to say that we can see the effect of global warming in real-time in the various places. Ice has been melting in both the polar ice caps and the mountain glaciers. The lakes around the world that do include Lake Superior have been warming rapidly, and in some cases quicker than surrounding environment. The animals have been changing the migration patterns as well as plants, which are changing the dates of the activity.
Here are some of the effects of global warming includes:
Increase in the average temperature as well as temperature extremes.
This is among the most immediate as well as the obvious effects of global warming. An average of 1.4 degrees Fahrenheit has increased the average global temperature over the last 100 years, and this was according to NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration).
Extreme weather events
The extreme weather is another effect of global warming. While experiencing hot summers that have not been experienced before, much of the US has been able to experience colder than normal winters. Changes in the climate can be able to cause polar jet stream, the boundary between cold North Pole air as well as warm equatorial air, to be able to migrate south hence bringing it with the cold, Arctic air. This is the reason why some states that can have a sudden cold snap or even colder than the usual winter, even during the long-term trend of global warming.
Global warming can lead to extreme weather other than cold or even heat extremes. For instance, hurricane formations are going to change. Despite this being a subject of the active scientific research, the current computer models of atmosphere indicates that the hurricanes are more likely to become less frequent on the global basis, though hurricanes, which do from, can be more intense.
One of the significant manifestations of climate change so far is the melt. Europe, North America and Asia have observed a trend toward less slow cover between 1960-2015. This was according to a report, which was published in the journal Current Climate Change Reports. Among the most dramatic effects of the global warming is the reduction of in the Arctic sea ice. The sea ice hit record low does extend in both the fall as well as winter of 2016 and 2015, which means that at that time when ice is supposed to be at its peak, it was lagging. This melt does mean that there is less thick sea ice, which persists for multiple years.
Sea levels and the ocean acidification
As the ice melts, the sea levels rises. In the year 2014, the World Meteorological Organization reported that the seal level rise increased 0.12 inches every year worldwide. This is around double the average annual rise of around 007 inches in the 20th century. The melting polar ice that is in the Arctic, as well as Antarctic regions, together with the melting ice sheets and the glaciers across Greenland, South America, North America and Asia, will have their seal levels rise significantly. Humans are to blame for this effect
Solutions to Global Warming
Solar energy can create renewable power from the sun as well as benefits environment. The alternative to fossil fuels reduces carbon footprint at home as well as abroad, minimizing greenhouses gases around the globe. The solar have been known to have a more favourable impact on the environment. Generating electricity with solar power instead of fossil fuels can reduce greenhouse gas emission, in particular, carbon dioxide. The greenhouse gasses that are produced when fossil fuels are burned leads to the rise of global temperatures and climate change.
The climate change does contribute to some severe environmental as well as public health issues in Northeast that does include the extreme events, ecosystem changes and the rising sea levels. One of the significant benefits of solar energy is that it does result in a few air pollutants. A research that was done by National Renewable Energy (NREL) was able to find out that solar adoption reduces nitrous oxides, sulfur dioxide and particulate matter emissions which all cause health problems.
Despite being threatened by climate change, the education sector does offer an untapped opportunity to be able to reduce disaster risk and combat climate change. There is an obvious education agenda in adopting the strategies to be able to deal with global warming. Some of those strategies do include learning new knowledge as well as skills and changing behaviours to be able to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions through sustainable consumption patterns in lifestyles, economies, livelihoods and the social structures.
Education is a vital component of the adaptive capacity; how the people are educated and content of education offers knowledge and the skills that are needed to be able to make decisions that are more informed on how to be able to adapt individual lives and ecological, economic as well as social systems in the changing environment. It is vital to encourage people to live a green life.
Recycling helps to reduce greenhouse emissions by being able to reduce energy consumption. Making use of recycled materials to be able to make new products helps to reduce the need for virgin materials. This can avoid greenhouse gas emissions, which would result from extracting or even mining virgin materials. Waste prevention, as well as smart shopping, are more effective at minimizing greenhouse gas emissions that do arise from energy consumption.
It is essential to stop using old vehicles, which does have a lot of pollution. Also, using transport that is more public will help in a great way to reduce air pollution. The trucks should be more active at night to be able to avoid pollution during the day as trees absorb Carbon Dioxide much faster at night.
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